Rojas, Cristina and Tubb, Daniel (2013). La Violencia in Colombia, through Stories of the Body. (Bulletin of Latin American Research, 32(1), 126–150.

This co-written article explores the pivotal period (1946–1953) in Colombian history when more than 200,000 mostly rural Colombians lost their lives and hundreds of thousands more were displaced. Based on a review of a variety of readings of La Violencia in Colombia, the article shows how stories of the body offer a useful lens through which to examine violence and the formation of citizenship at the dawn of modern Colombia. We document how cruelty was used as an object of public display and how terror became an instrument to control communities. From this, our article argues that instead of seeing individuals capable of self-regulation, Colombia’s elite saw a pueblo in need of physical and cultural improvement.

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Tubb, Daniel. (2013). Narratives of Citizenship and Violence in Antioquia (Citizenship Studies, 17(5), 627–640.

This article looks at the contradiction between citizenship and violence at two historical junctures in the Colombian department of Antioquia and its capital Medellín. It shows how narratives of a racialized and spatialized regional identity of antioqueñidad drove government interventions aimed at moral and physical improvement during La Violencia (1948–1958). In this period, residents of Antioquia saw themselves in ways that emphasized whiteness, capitalism, hard work, and civilization. In contrast, they saw residents of outlying areas as deviant, lazy, and un-civilizable. The article compares this time with the relationship between recent social programs in Medellín and contemporary paramilitary control of the city. In looking at the interactions of violence and social programs at two moments, the article shows the links between liberal governance projects, citizenship, and violence.

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